Sebelas Maret International Conferences, The 2nd INCREDIBLE

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The Influence of Pandemic Covid 19 on the Tourism Sector of Riau Kepulauan Province
ervin nora susanti, Sri Langgeng Ratnasari, Widodo Ismanto, Rona Tanjung

Building: Parallel Session 2
Room: G
Date: 2020-10-27 02:45 PM – 04:00 PM
Last modified: 2020-10-19


The Covid 19 pandemic has had a significant impact on all aspects of life, such as health, lifestyle, including impacting various sectors in the economy. The tourism sector is one sector that has been affected by the Covid 19 pandemic. Limited human mobility between regions has resulted in a decrease in tourist visits. This study aims to determine the condition of the tourism sector in the Kepulauan Riau Province during the Covid 19 pandemic. This study uses descriptive statistical analysis. The data used is secondary data from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS). The results showed that foreign tourist visits to the Kepulauan Riau during the January to July 2020 period decreased. Cumulatively, foreign tourist visits during January-July 2020 contracted by -81.71% (yoy) with a total of 404 613 visits in January-July 2020, decreasing compared to the number of visits in January-July 2019 which reached 1 623 977 visits. The average room occupancy rate (ROR) of star hotels in the Kepulauan Riau Province in June 2020 reached 14.45 percent. When compared with June of the previous year, the ROR for star-rated hotels in Kepulauan Riau Province decreased by 36.73 points, where the ROR for June 2019 was 51.18 percent. The decrease in the number of foreign tourist visits to the Kepulauan Riau Province has resulted in the dismissal of workers reaching 4 711 people by April 2020. This workforce dismissal has an impact on lowering people's income, thus holding back the performance of large trading and retail business fields due to a decrease in purchasing power. The slowdown in the performance of the wholesale and retail trade business fields was also directly affected by the decline in the number of tourists which resulted in reduced purchases made by tourists. This condition affects the slowing economic growth of the Kepulauan Riau Province where the economy of the Kepulauan Riau in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the fourth quarter of 2019 (q-to-q) experienced a contraction of -4.51 percent. In the second quarter, economic growth continued to contract by -7.55%.

Keywords: Tourism, Covid19, Economic Growth